Kiril Lazarov's 15 goals for Macedonia in a 32-31 win over South Korea gave him a handball world championship record 92 in nine matches on Thursday.
Yoon Kyuns-shin of South Korea previously held the record of 86 goals in nine matches at the 1995 world championship in Iceland.
Lazarov said he was "satisfied, proud and happy," and thanked his teammates because, "I wouldn't have made it without them."
Macedonia, competing in its second worlds, finished 11th. South Korea, the only non-European team to make the main round, was 12th.
Defending champion Germany finished fifth after defeating Hungary 28-25.